Estimates say one in four British adult to be obese, making obesity the most pressing issue today. However, it is not as severe as you might have thought of with best corrective action taken at the right time. Being different from overweight, Obesity is a medical condition involving an excessive amount of body fat. So, burning these fats and blocking the further fat invasion can be one of the smartest moves to treat obesity.
While losing even some weight you can make a big difference in your health, this might just call for a minor change in your lifestyle and not always require treatment. It is for the reason that modern lifestyle which includes our dependence on technology by using things like cars and computers, desk jobs and high-calorie food become the root cause of the rapid rise in weight today. The good news is that, with prescription medications one gets an additional advantage to you for treating obesity you can improve or prevent the health problems associated with obesity. This should be clubbed with dietary changes, increased physical activity and behavior changes to find a remarkable weight-loss.
What is Obesity?
Although often used interchangeably, overweight and obesity are actually two different conditions of human body. On one had where overweight means having more weight in relation to height with regard to the medical standard of acceptable weight, being Obese on other hand is unusually high amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass. Also, it’s only after passing through the stage of overweight, obesity occurs as per the Body Mass Index (BMI).
The BMI is the tool most commonly used to estimate overweight and obesity in children and adults. To calculate a BMI in adults, one can measure body fat based on height and weight. This will give you a fair idea whether your weight may be affecting your health.
Obesity in Children
Obesity with respect to children is going up day by day in the UK. This is why we have been seeing headlines and talk shows specially discussing about children’s diets and eating habits. Obesity statistics also reveal that 25 percent of boys and 33 percent of girls aged between two and 19 years either fall under the category of overweight or obese. However, children grow at different rates, so we cannot always say that a child who is overweight might always grow up to become an overweight adult. It is for this reason that Body Mass Index is used differently in children than it is for adults. So, BMI for age and sex at or above the 95th percentile is considered overweight. Moreover, obese is not used in case of children as they are still growing and developing. They can be overweight or on the verge of being overweight, while adults can be identified as overweight, or at risk of being overweight, or obese.
Although children are at a higher risk of being overweight, there’s no mystery treatment to save them. Simply ask them to do little exercise and encourage healthy eating habits right from an early age.
What are the major causes of obesity?
You may believe it or not but calories from food give a certain amount of energy which body needs to perform the basic life functions. Body weight tends to remain the same when the calorie eaten to gain its benefit equals the number of calorie the body burns. When this does not happen and you tend to eat and drink more calories than they are burnt, there is an imbalance resulting to weight gain, overweight, and obesity.
Furthermore, we have adipose tissue all over the body which is made of adipocytes (fat cells). The only task which these cells perform is to store energy in the form of fat. Fats deposits are found in several places in our body but generally found underneath your skin, also called subcutaneous fat. The other are most prominently seen on top of each of our kidneys. This was specifically about the fat tissues, whereas some fat are stored in the liver and muscle as well but in very small quantity. However, fat concentrated in your body depends by and large on the gender:
- In an adult man, body fat gets placed in his chest, abdomen and buttocks, giving an "apple" shape.
- In an adult woman, fats make space for themselves in her breasts, hips, waist and buttocks, bringing out a "pear" shape.
Apart from the calories and fats intake, there are genetic, behavioral and hormonal influences on body weight which makes one obese. But the two principal causes of obesity are simple and known to all which is inactivity and unhealthy diet. If you're not very active, you don't burn as many calories. With a sedentary lifestyle, we can rightly say that ‘all work and no play make jack not just a dull but also a fat boy. You are also inviting a lot of issues including obesity by in-taking too high in calories and full of fast food diet, even high-calorie beverages.
What can be the effects of obesity?
Coming to the symptoms, the severe and common of all includes high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, breathing problems, and joint pain. There are many health risks associated with obesity apart from these, they are:
- Sleep apnea and respiratory problems
- Variety of cancers including breast cancer
- coronary artery (heart) disease
- gallbladder or liver disease
- gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
There has also been seen that apart from the above medical conditions, obesity is also linked to psychosocial problems where one experiences low self-esteem. In the worst case, obese people could also suffer from prejudice and discrimination with biasness in employment, travel, schooling, healthcare, etc.
Prevalence of Obesity
Obesity is not unnecessarily hyped as there was seen an increase in the proportion of obese adults from 13.2 per cent in 1993 almost double to 26.0 per cent in 2013 for men, and 16.4 per cent to 23.8 per cent in case of women.
The number of obese people in the UK has definitely more than trebled in the past 30 years. If this continues and people don’t take measures to combat it, on current estimates, more than half the population could be obese by 2050.
How to identify the signs of overweight or obesity?
One may not overlook their lack of control over eating and capacity of eating a large amount of food quickly, this can be an alarming signal for obesity. People who are obese may look for such signs to identify the condition to be more pro-active. Frequently checking your BMI might help you keep away the health risk associated with being overweight or obese. If you find your BMI is tilting towards the obese range day by day, your health practitioner is most likely to review your health history in detail. This will involve certain physical exam and some tests, which may be:
- Assessing your and your family's complete health history
- Performing a general body check-up
- Measuring your waist circumference to know the fat stored around your waist
- Blood tests like a cholesterol test, liver function tests, a fasting glucose, a thyroid test and others depending on your health, risk factors and any current symptoms can be asked to carry out.
After gathering all the necessary information pertaining to your health, your doctor will be able to determine how much and how you could lose weight and what other health conditions you are bearing. There is nothing to worry about as this will only guide you in your treatment decisions.
How to prevent obesity?
All of us should stop blaming people for being fat rather we should support them in their attempt to lose weight. However, ultimately it is the obese responsible for his own health. One should be aware and free to make healthy choices about diet and physical activity. And as it is rightly said that prevention is better than cure, you can adopt many of strategies that produce successful weight loss results to help prevent obesity. For this, you can try these steps:
- Eat five to six servings of fruits and vegetables daily. Around one cup of raw vegetables or one-half cup of cooked vegetables or vegetable stock and one piece of small to medium fresh fruit.
- Choose whole grain foods such as brown rice and whole wheat bread over the processed foods made with refined white sugar, flour and saturated fat.
- Understand the portion sizes and not gobble a large portion at one go particularly at fast-food joint.
- Balance the food intake by burning calories after having eaten more calories to avoid weight gain.
- Invest in a weighing machine to make a point to note your weight regularly so you know whether you are on the right path in losing weight.
- Get geared up to sweat as at least 30 minutes or more of moderate-intensity activity daily is needed above all preventive measures.
- Grab opportunities throughout the day for some calorie-burning. This can be done by walking around in office for work rather than calling your colleague and using the stairs at work.
Every little bit is going to help you reach the ultimate goal of obesity prevention.
What are the different obesity treatments?
Weight loss strategy can help you achieve your weight loss goals but once you are already obese, you need to take a more serious approach. The essential part is beginning the treatment as early as possible. Before that it is always important to talk with your physician who may also help you with some medically managed weight-loss program. This is because there is not one particular way but there are several methods for treating obesity. These include behavioral changes, physical activities, non-Surgical and surgical weight management programs which are medically managed treatments. However, obesity treatment varies from person to person. And for you to make a wise decision here is fair idea about each one of them.
We have been listening a lot about the behavioral changes which include changing eating habits, increasing physical activity, knowing about our body and how to nourish it and so on and so forth. This is because behavior plays a significant role in obesity. Moreover, performing physical activities more will never disappoint you. Set realistic goals of weight loss and don’t drain yourself to the extreme. Also make sure to consult with your fitness trainer to know the right technique before initiating any exercise program.
Medically Managed Weight-Loss
You can only get a medically managed weight-loss program by a licensed healthcare professional under a clinical setting. There could be a medical doctor, registered dietitian and/or psychologist who typically offer services and advises for solution which are safe as well as effective such as prescription of weight-loss medications, nutrition chart, instructing about the right physical activity and some behavioral therapy.
Environmental changes do not refer to changing your environment and packing your bags. But for many of us, it’s essential to switch from a sedentary lifestyle and becoming more mobile. These can include following some of the steps of preventing obesity like walking to office if it’s nearby and moving in the office by using stairs and less of calls. Basically sitting at one place for long can make you inactive and stimulates a sedentary lifestyle. So simply looking and changing your daily routine, you may be able to find ways to pack more activity into your day in addition to exercising.
There is no harm in getting a weight loss treatment which is not surgical from a physician if your efforts are falling short. This does not mean that you have failed losing weight but sometimes it could be any existing medical conditions that make it crucial for you to lose weight with non-surgical treatment. The treatment has to be a blend of medication to treat obesity-related health problems like Fat burners or appetite suppressants, behavioral changes that include improving dietary habits and increasing activity levels and therapy to address any eating disorders.
Typically, surgical treatment of obesity is an option for those who are classified as morbidly obese who is having a body mass index (BMI) higher than 35. Surgery is the only option left for morbid obese people as more conservative measures such as diet, exercise and medication may not have shown any effects. Here you can find different types of bariatric surgery or weight-loss surgery treatment options such as Roux-En-Y Gastric Bypass, Gastric Sleeve resection and Adjustable Gastric Banding.
How can we help in your treatment for obesity?
We bring medicinal guide of obesity treatments to make things easier for you. These treatments should be used only if you experience health risks related to obesity and your BMI scale flashes a figure greater than 30. You can even start using the obesity treatment if BMI is greater than 27 to prevent the risk of developing heart disease and getting heavier. Remember to use the medications to complement your diet modifications and exercise program and not as a replacement.
Once you fall under the category of obese, your doctor will assess your health history as well as suitability of medication with possible side effects before signing a prescription for you.
As you begin your obesity treatment with prescription weight-loss medication, keep monitoring the results on regular intervals. You can find the drugs assist you with weight loss by improving triggers of weight loss like appetite and satiety, and also see them interfere with hunger signals.